The Outbreak Investigation
The FDA, CDC, and several local health departments (including MDH) are investigating the source of the contamination and details surrounding this outbreak. As the investigation is ongoing, the “CDC recommends that consumers not eat, restaurants not serve, and retailers not sell Maradol papayas until we learn more.” The MDH believes the source of contamination may be in the supply chain.
We know on July 19, 2017, the Maryland Department of Health (MDH) issued a warning to its residents that they should avoid eating Caribeña’s Yellow Maradol papayas because of potential contamination of Salmonella. The investigation began when the MDH identified an illness group that was above normal reporting of Salmonella infections. Interviews of those who had become ill with the similar strain of Salmonella Kiambu all reported to have eaten the same item – papayas. Salmonella Kiambu and Salmonella Thompson were both isolated from samples collected from ill people.
The MDH confirmed on its website that it obtained and tested 5 Yellow Maradol papayas from a Baltimore, Maryland retailer. Three of these papayas tested positive for Salmonella bacteria. In its announcement, the CDC confirmed the findings of the MDH:
“Epidemiologic and laboratory evidence collected to date indicate that yellow Maradol papayas are a likely source of this multistate outbreak. This investigation is ongoing.
In interviews, ill people answered questions about the foods they ate and other exposures in the week before they became ill. Eleven (44%) of 25 people interviewed reported eating papayas.”
The CDC is also working closely with MDH, to determine whether the recent Salmonella Thompson illness cluster in Maryland is related to this multistate outbreak.
Showing Symptoms of Salmonella?
With Salmonella infections, symptoms typically start within 6 to 72 hours after eating or drinking a contaminated food or water item. People can contract Salmonellosis after ingesting even a single pathogen cell. This means even one bite of contaminated food can cause illness.
Symptoms to watch for include: nausea; vomiting; abdominal cramps; diarrhea; fever; and headache. Symptoms generally last 4 to 7 days. Acute symptoms typically last 1 to 2 days or longer (depending on the amount ingested, the type of Salmonella, and the person’s individual health status).
Anyone exhibiting signs or symptoms of a Salmonella infection seek medical attention. If you or a loved one begin to show the symptoms of Salmonella poisoning, contact a medical professional. Salmonella can be diagnosed through a stool sample by your medical provider.
Severe cases of Salmonellosis can lead to hospitalization, long-term complications, and even in severe cases, death. Long-term health consequences in victims can include reactive arthritis and irritable bowel syndrome. Salmonella can also cause bacteremia (a blood infection), endocarditis (infection of the heart’s inner lining), and infected aneurysms (arterial infections).
The CDC reports that complications can include: “(1) Dehydration and electrolyte imbalance may occur as a result of diarrhea and vomiting. This can lead to death in the very young, the elderly, and the immunocompromised, if not treated promptly. (2) In 2% of culture-proven cases, reactive arthritis (i.e., arthritis from an immune reaction to the infection – an autoimmune response – rather than directly from the infection itself) may follow 3 to 4 weeks after the onset of acute symptoms. Indications of reactive arthritis may include, for example, joint inflammation, urethritis, uveitis, and/or conjunctivitis. (3) Non-typhoidal Salmonella can sometimes escape from the gastrointestinal tract into the body and cause blood poisoning (septicemia) or infect the blood, internal organs, and/or joints (bacteremia). S. Dublin is sometimes associated with this complication.”
Robins Cloud is Helping Families Harmed by Salmonella
Robins Cloud LLP is a law firm dedicated to helping those who have become ill from contaminated food or beverages. We will continue to follow and investigate the details of this recall. If you or someone in your family has become ill with salmonellosis after eating papayas, Robins Cloud LLP is available to discuss any questions, concerns, and the legal process with you. You can contact us 24 hours a day, seven days a week for a free, no obligation consultation.